Technology & Education

Current Status of Indian Engineering Research

Papri Ghosh
27 Jul 2018
Read Time : 10 Minutes
Current Status of Indian Engineering Research

Engineering education is now a big question in India. Now India is having total 36 numbers of states with 16 IITs (Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Guwahati, Roorkee, Hyderabad, Patna, Bhubaneshwar, Ropar, Jodhpur, Gandhinagar, Indore, Mandi and Varanasi) and 30 NITs (Agartala, Allahabad, Bhopal, Calicut, Durgapur, Hamipur, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Jamshedpur, Kurukshetra, Nagpur, Raipur, Rourkela, Silchar, Srinagar, Surat, Surathkal, Trichy, Tadepalligudem, Warangal, Arunachal Pradesh, Warangal, Sikkim, Goa, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Uttarakhand, Delhi and Puducherry).  Apart from that there are other state universities and private universities those are running engineering education. Research work is running in many universities. Now the important point is the quality of research within India.

There are many key points regarding research activities in engineering sector.

1.    Funding

“What is the economic background of a researcher” – plays a vital role in research. If a research scholar is in a pressure of doing jobs then it is really a barrier of Indian research activities. In most of the cases we can see that people keen for the higher studies cannot continue their higher studies. Either a research scholar has to provide the university fees or the scholarship they get is not enough. Even since the last year, the Indian Govt. has also decided to reduce the amount from the Research and Development (Source-NDTV).

2.    Lack of Structured Ph.D Program

Most of the renowned universities did not make any structured memorandum regarding the Ph.D degree they run within their universities. The Ph.D supervisors are forcing their scholars to publish at least few research papers before register them as a Ph.D scholar. Even, few of them fake their scholars to publish good journal papers; and after sometime they force them to leave by saying that the scholar is worthless. “Enrolment” is introduced which is used as a condolence to the Ph.D scholar. But the scholars cannot write “Ph.D pursuing” in their details by only having the “Enrolment ID”; they must have the “Registration ID” to write their current status as “Ph.D pursuing”.

The education is now become a business and most of the Ph.D supervisors are interested to either publish good journals or running good projects under their supervision. The Govt. Funded projects also provide limited time which cannot produce a quality research.

3.    Highly Equipped Laboratories

Lack of well equipped laboratories is another barrier in research within India. Most of the research scholars are not getting the current equipments and most of the universities and institutions are not having any interest to purchase them as they do not have any interest in research activities. As a result it is now very difficult for Indian scholar to publish research papers in good journals with high impact factors.

So many paid and fake journals are there in India on which the researchers have wasted their valuable research works. Now indexing is very important of being a good journal. Web of Science and Scopus are two powerful indexes for engineering journals. There are so many IEEE and Springer journals are there those are not indexed by SCI or Scopus. Maximum good Indian researcher failure to publish their paper in good journals because of insufficient laboratory data due to inferior labs instruments; whereas in China or in USA, the research scholar easily publish their paper in good journals. As a result, most of the Indian author searches indexed journals with low impact factor. Here is a data provided by Google Trends is given.

Fact-1: Indian research scholar searches “SCI journals” less than “Scopus Journals” or “UGC Journals List”

Fact-2: Indian research scholar searches “SCI journals” less than “Scopus Journals”


Fact-3: State wise rank of researchers who searched SCI Journals: Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Punjab, Karnataka

Fact-4: Researchers from Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are mostly interested in “Full Time Ph.D”


Fact-5: Researchers only from 5 states are searching for “Travel Grant”: Delhi, West Bengal, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh.